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How are elliptical galaxies and spiral classified according to hubble

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You can see why this diagram is called the Hubble tuning fork. Hubble believed that galaxies started at the left end of the diagram and evolved to the right. He called the elliptical galaxies "early galaxies" and the spirals "late galaxies."

What is Hubble's classification of galaxies?

Edwin Hubble invented a classification of galaxies and grouped them into four classes: spirals, barred spirals, ellipticals and irregulars.

What are spiral galaxies classified by?

Spiral galaxies are classified as Sa/SBa, Sb/SBb or Sc/SBc (classic/barred) according to the tightness of their spiral, the clumpiness of their spiral arms, and the size of their central bulge. These differences can be traced back to the relative amounts of gas and dust contained within the galaxies.

How are elliptical galaxies classified?

Under this organization, elliptical galaxies are classified by how stretched out they are. Galaxies classified as E0 appear to be almost perfect circles (remember, a circle is an ellipse), while those listed as E7 seem much longer than they are wide.

How are galaxies classified using the Hubble fork diagram?

The Hubble tuning fork is a diagram that astronomer Edwin Hubble created in 1926 to classify galaxies. The Hubble tuning fork divides galaxies into three main categories based on morphology: elliptical galaxies, lenticular galaxies, and spiral galaxies.

How are elliptical galaxies and spiral classified according to hubble

Hubble classified these galaxies by referring to them as SB galaxies with subclasses a, b, and c, just like the normal spirals. The spiral arms in barred 

Can elliptical galaxies turn into spiral galaxies?

Originally, Edwin Hubble hypothesized that elliptical galaxies evolved into spiral galaxies, which was later discovered to be false, although the accretion of gas and smaller galaxies may build a disk around a pre-existing ellipsoidal structure.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do galaxies evolve according to Hubble's tuning fork?

For a time the Hubble tuning fork was thought to be an evolutionary sequence - that galaxies might evolve from one type to another progressing from left to right across the tuning-fork diagram. Hence "Sa" and "SBa" galaxies were called "early-type," while "Sc" and "SBc" were called "late-type."

How does the Hubble tuning fork diagram work?

The diagram is roughly divided into two parts: elliptical galaxies (ellipticals) and spiral galaxies (spirals). Hubble gave the ellipticals numbers from zero to seven, which characterize the ellipticity of the galaxy - "E0" is almost round, "E7" is very elliptical.

What does the Hubble tuning fork diagram prove?

The Hubble Tuning Fork diagram proves that galaxies gradually move from being elliptical galaxies to spiral galaxies over time.


What is the Hubble tuning fork used for?
Hubble is credited with creating a classification scheme for galaxies, which is usually referred to as his “Tuning Fork” diagram. Figure 9.2: Diagram of Hubble's Tuning Fork classification scheme from Hubblesite. This is a classical type of image still used by astronomers today to show how galaxies are classified.
What is the Hubble tuning fork classification scheme based on for spiral galaxies?
The spirals were assigned letters from "a" to "c," which characterize the compactness of their spiral arms. "Sa" spirals, for example, are tightly wound whereas "Sc" spirals are more loosely wound.